Victims and offenders, 2009-10 to 2013-14

Homicide victims by age and gender, 2009-10 to 2013-14 (%)

1,306 people died in a homicide incident in Australia between 2009-10 and 2013-14. This represents 17 percent of homicide victims (n=7,742) recorded in 1989-90 to 2013-14.

More than half of all victims of homicide were aged between 18 and 49 years, regardless of gender. In 2013-14, 51 percent of male victims and 49 percent of female victims were aged between 25 and 49 years.

Victims aged less than 10 years old have accounted for very small proportions of homicide victims over the five year period. Five percent of male and 10 percent of female homicide victims were aged nine years or less in 2013-14.

Homicide victims by gender and type of homicide, 2009-10 to 2013-14 (%)

Most female homicide victims died in domestic homicide incidents between 2009-10 and 2013-14.

Seventy three percent of female homicide victims in 2013-14 were killed by an intimate partner or family member. Twenty-two percent of male homicide victims died in domestic homicide incidents in 2013-14.

Most male homicide victims died in acquaintance homicide incidents between 2009-10 and 2013-14. The proportion has decreased over the five year period: falling from 41 percent in 2009-10 to 35 percent in 2013-14.

A larger proportion of males are killed in stranger homicides compared with females. In 2013-14, 19 percent of male victims and three percent of female victims were killed by a stranger.

Domestic homicide victims by gender, 2009-10 to 2013-14 (%)

The proportion of male and female victims varied depending on the type of domestic homicide. Overall, males accounted for the majority of filicide, parricide, siblicide and other family homicide victims between 2009-10 and 2013-14.

Intimate partner homicide was the only type of domestic homicide where the proportion of female victims was greater than the proportion of male victims. In 2013-14, 77 percent of victims of intimate partner homicide victims were female.

Homicide victims by gender and Indigenous status, 2009-10 to 2013-14 (%)

Indigenous

Non-Indigenous

The majority of Indigenous male homicide victims died in domestic homicide incidents. In 2013-14, 60 percent of Indigenous male victims died in domestic homicide incidents compared with 16 percent of non-Indigenous male victims.

The majority of non-Indigenous male homicide victims (38%) died in acquaintance homicide incidents in 2013-14.

The majority of Indigenous and non-Indigenous female homicide victims died in domestic homicide incidents. Between 70 and 90 percent of Indigenous female homicide victims were killed by an intimate partner or family member in all but one year between 2009-10 and 2013-14.

The proportion of non-Indigenous female victims who died in domestic homicide incidents increased from 60 to 72 percent over the same time period.

Domestic homicide victims by gender and Indigenous status, 2009-10 to 2013-14 (%)

Indigenous

Non-Indigenous

The majority of Indigenous male and female domestic homicide victims were killed in intimate partner homicide incidents. The proportions were similar throughout the five year period however in 2013-14, 58 percent of Indigenous male domestic homicide victims died in intimate partner homicide incidents compared with 33 percent of non-Indigenous male victims.

Greater proportions of female domestic homicide victims died in intimate partner homicide incidents, regardless of Indigenous status. In 2013-14, 83 percent of female Indigenous domestic homicide victims died in intimate partner homicide incidents compared with 63 percent of female non-Indigenous victims. Greater proportions of non-Indigenous female victims died in filicide and parricide incidents over the five year period compared with Indigenous female victims.

Homicide offenders by age and gender, 2009-10 to 2013-14 (%)

1,406 homicide offenders were identified between 2009-10 and 2013-14. This represents 17 percent of homicide offenders (n=8,166) recorded in 1989-90 to 2013-14.

The majority of homicide offenders were aged between 35 and 49 years, regardless of gender. In 2013-14, 32 percent of male homicide offenders and 35 percent of female homicide offenders were aged between 35 and 49 years.

The proportion of offenders by age and gender has not markedly changed in the five year period 2009-10 to 2013-14. The one exception is females aged 18-24 years—from eight percent of all female offenders in 2009-10 to 24 percent in 2013-14.

Homicide offenders by gender and Indigenous status, 2009-10 to 2013-14 (rate per 100,000)

Indigenous males had the highest rate of homicide offending between 2009-10 and 2013-14. In 2013-14, homicide offending by Indigenous males (7 per 100,000) was nearly four times the rate of non-Indigenous males (1.9 per 100,000).

Indigenous females had a higher rate of homicide offending compared with non-Indigenous females. The rate of homicide offending by Indigenous females has varied over the five year period. In 2013-14 the rate was 3.1 per 100,000. Homicide offending by non-Indigenous females has never exceeded 0.4 per 100,000 over the five year period.

High, variable rates of homicide offending among Indigenous people are partly caused by the small number of Indigenous offenders recorded each year and the smaller size of the overall Indigenous population. In 2013-14 there were 36 Indigenous homicide offenders in 2013-14 compared with 237 non-Indigenous homicide offenders.