Appendix

Table 1: Deaths in prison custody by jurisdiction, 1979–80 to 2016–17 (n)
  NSW Vic Qld WA SA Tas ACT NT Total
1979-80 3 2 3 1 5 0 0 1 15
1980-81 8 6 8 3 3 0 0 0 28
1981-82 7 7 8 5 1 1 0 0 29
1982-83 5 4 5 5 5 0 0 0 24
1983-84 12 14 4 2 1 0 0 0 33
1984-85 10 5 5 5 2 0 0 0 27
1985-86 6 2 7 1 0 0 0 2 18
1986-87 17 7 7 3 2 0 0 1 37
1987-88 13 18 6 3 2 2 1 0 45
1988-89 7 11 5 6 1 4 0 2 36
1989-90 28 4 12 3 5 1 0 0 53
1990-91 18 2 4 6 3 1 0 1 35
1991-92 6 2 11 4 5 3 0 0 31
1992-93 20 7 6 6 4 0 0 1 44
1993-94 29 5 11 2 6 3 0 1 57
1994-95 22 7 12 6 7 0 0 1 55
1995-96 18 5 10 6 6 2 1 1 49
1996-97 30 5 13 9 5 1 0 0 63
1997-98 29 13 11 16 6 1 1 3 80
1998-99 27 9 19 6 1 1 0 1 64
1999-2000 23 3 14 15 4 5 0 0 64
2000-01 18 11 11 9 7 0 0 2 58
2001-02 18 6 14 10 2 1 0 1 52
2002-03 16 5 7 8 5 1 0 2 44
2003-04 13 4 13 4 2 0 0 1 37
2004-05 15 4 4 7 6 2 0 1 39
2005-06 10 5 2 6 3 1 0 1 28
2006-07 22 3 6 3 4 1 0 1 40
2007-08 11 13 8 8 4 2 0 0 46
2008-09 15 8 9 4 5 1 1 0 43
2009-10 21 8 10 8 5 3 1 2 58
2010-11 20 10 11 5 4 2 0 6 58
2011-12 18 4 6 7 4 1 0 2 42
2012-13 19 13 9 10 0 1 0 1 53
2013-14 13 11 11 7 4 1 2 5 54
2014-15 21 15 7 4 7 3 1 3 61
2015-16 23 19 10 11 13 2 1 4 83
2016-17 21 20 12 14 2 1 1 3 74
Total 632 297 331 238 151 48 10 50 1,757

Source: AIC NDICP 1979–2017 [computer file]

Table 2: Deaths in prison custody by jurisdiction, 1999–2000 to 2016–17 (rate per 100 prisoners)
  NSW Vic Qld WA SA Tas ACT NT Total
1999–2000 0.27 0.10 0.31 0.48 0.31 1.28 0.00 0.00 0.29
2000–01 0.21 0.32 0.24 0.30 0.50 0.00 0.00 0.28 0.26
2001–02 0.21 0.17 0.30 0.36 0.14 0.23 0.00 0.15 0.23
2002–03 0.19 0.13 0.13 0.28 0.34 0.22 0.00 0.27 0.19
2003–04 0.14 0.11 0.25 0.13 0.13 0.00 0.00 0.14 0.16
2004–05 0.15 0.11 0.07 0.20 0.41 0.36 0.00 0.12 0.15
2005–06 0.10 0.13 0.04 0.17 0.19 0.20 0.00 0.13 0.11
2006–07 0.22 0.07 0.11 0.08 0.23 0.19 0.00 0.11 0.15
2007–08 0.11 0.31 0.14 0.21 0.21 0.39 0.00 0.00 0.17
2008–09 0.13 0.18 0.16 0.09 0.26 0.19 0.49 0.00 0.15
2009–10 0.19 0.18 0.18 0.17 0.25 0.62 0.35 0.18 0.20
2010–11 0.20 0.21 0.20 0.11 0.20 0.39 0.00 0.47 0.20
2011–12 0.19 0.08 0.11 0.14 0.19 0.20 0.00 0.14 0.14
2012–13 0.19 0.24 0.15 0.20 0.00 0.21 0.00 0.07 0.17
2013–14 0.12 0.18 0.16 0.13 0.16 0.22 0.51 0.34 0.16
2014–15 0.18 0.24 0.10 0.07 0.26 0.58 0.25 0.19 0.17
2015–16 0.18 0.29 0.13 0.17 0.44 0.35 0.23 0.24 0.21
2016–17 0.16 0.28 0.14 0.21 0.07 0.17 0.22 0.19 0.18

Source: AIC NDICP 1999–2017 [computer file]

Table 3: Indigenous deaths in prison custody by jurisdiction, 1979–80 to 2016–17 (n)
  NSW Vic Qld WA SA Tas ACT NT Total
1979–80 1 0 1 1 0 0 0 1 4
1980–81 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 2
1981–82 0 0 0 3 0 0 0 0 3
1982–83 1 0 0 1 2 0 0 0 4
1983–84 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 2
1984–85 1 0 1 3 0 0 0 0 5
1985–86 0 0 2 1 0 0 0 1 4
1986–87 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 2
1987–88 1 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 4
1988–89 1 0 1 1 0 0 0 2 5
1989–90 5 0 2 0 2 0 0 0 9
1990–91 3 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 5
1991–92 1 0 1 1 0 1 0 0 4
1992–93 2 1 2 0 0 0 0 0 5
1993–94 4 1 3 2 1 0 0 1 12
1994–95 5 0 3 0 3 0 0 1 12
1995–96 4 0 3 2 3 0 0 1 13
1996–97 3 0 4 2 1 0 0 0 10
1997–98 3 0 1 4 1 0 0 2 11
1998–99 4 1 4 0 0 0 0 1 10
1999–2000 7 0 1 6 0 0 0 0 14
2000–01 5 1 1 3 2 0 0 2 14
2001–02 1 0 3 2 0 0 0 0 6
2002–03 2 0 3 5 1 0 0 2 13
2003–04 0 0 5 0 0 0 0 1 6
2004–05 4 0 0 3 0 0 0 1 8
2005–06 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 1 3
2006–07 4 0 1 2 0 0 0 1 8
2007–08 1 0 1 4 0 0 0 0 6
2008–09 1 0 2 3 1 0 0 0 7
2009–10 4 1 4 4 0 0 0 1 14
2010–11 1 1 1 2 1 1 0 5 12
2011–12 1 0 2 2 0 0 0 1 6
2012–13 2 1 2 2 0 1 0 1 9
2013–14 1 0 4 1 0 0 0 4 10
2014–15 5 1 3 1 1 0 1 3 15
2015–16 2 1 3 6 3 0 1 3 19
2016–17 1 2 4 5 1 0 0 3 16
Total 82 12 72 77 25 3 2 39 312

Source: AIC NDICP 1979–2017 [computer file]

Table 4: Non-Indigenous deaths in prison custody by jurisdiction, 1979–80 to 2016–17 (n)
  NSW Vic Qld WA SA Tas ACT NT Total
1979–80 2 2 2 0 5 0 0 0 11
1980–81 8 6 7 3 2 0 0 0 26
1981–82 7 7 8 2 1 1 0 0 26
1982–83 4 4 5 4 3 0 0 0 20
1983–84 11 14 4 1 1 0 0 0 31
1984–85 9 5 4 2 2 0 0 0 22
1985–86 6 2 5 0 0 0 0 1 14
1986–87 17 7 6 2 2 0 0 1 35
1987–88 12 18 5 2 1 2 1 0 41
1988–89 6 11 4 5 1 4 0 0 31
1989–90 23 4 10 3 3 1 0 0 44
1990–91 15 2 3 5 3 1 0 1 30
1991–92 5 2 10 3 5 2 0 0 27
1992–93 18 6 4 6 4 0 0 1 39
1993–94 25 4 8 0 5 3 0 0 45
1994–95 17 7 9 6 4 0 0 0 43
1995–96 14 5 7 4 3 2 1 0 36
1996–97 27 5 9 7 4 1 0 0 53
1997–98 26 13 10 12 5 1 1 1 69
1998–99 23 8 15 6 1 1 0 0 54
1999–2000 16 3 13 9 4 5 0 0 50
2000–01 13 10 10 6 5 0 0 0 44
2001–02 17 6 11 8 2 1 0 1 46
2002–03 14 5 4 3 4 1 0 0 31
2003–04 13 4 8 4 2 0 0 0 31
2004–05 11 4 4 4 6 2 0 0 31
2005–06 10 4 2 5 3 1 0 0 25
2006–07 18 3 5 1 4 1 0 0 32
2007–08 10 13 7 4 4 2 0 0 40
2008–09 14 8 7 1 4 1 1 0 36
2009–10 17 7 6 4 5 3 1 1 44
2010–11 19 9 10 3 3 1 0 1 46
2011–12 17 4 4 5 4 1 0 1 36
2012–13 17 12 7 8 0 0 0 0 44
2013–14 12 11 7 6 4 1 2 1 44
2014–15 16 14 4 3 6 3 0 0 46
2015–16 21 18 7 5 10 2 0 1 64
2016–17 20 18 8 9 1 1 1 0 58
Total 550 285 259 161 126 45 8 11 1445

Source: AIC NDICP 1979–2017 [computer file]

Table 5: Deaths in prison custody by Indigenous status and gender, 1979–80 to 2016–17 (n)
  Indigenous Non-Indigenous Total
Male Female Total Male Female Total Male Female Total
1979–80 4 0 4 11 0 11 15 0 15
1980–81 2 0 2 26 0 26 28 0 28
1981–82 2 1 3 23 3 26 25 4 29
1982–83 4 0 4 19 1 20 23 1 24
1983–84 2 0 2 30 1 31 32 1 33
1984–85 5 0 5 22 0 22 27 0 27
1985–86 4 0 4 12 2 14 16 2 18
1986–87 2 0 2 32 3 35 34 3 37
1987–88 4 0 4 40 1 41 44 1 45
1988–89 5 0 5 30 1 31 35 1 36
1989–90 9 0 9 42 2 44 51 2 53
1990–91 5 0 5 29 1 30 34 1 35
1991–92 4 0 4 26 1 27 30 1 31
1992–93 5 0 5 39 0 39 44 0 44
1993–94 11 1 12 40 5 45 51 6 57
1994–95 12 0 12 42 1 43 54 1 55
1995–96 13 0 13 36 0 36 49 0 49
1996–97 9 1 10 52 1 53 61 2 63
1997–98 11 0 11 67 2 69 78 2 80
1998–99 9 1 10 52 2 54 61 3 64
1999–2000 14 0 14 46 4 50 60 4 64
2000–01 13 1 14 43 1 44 56 2 58
2001–02 5 1 6 43 3 46 48 4 52
2002–03 13 0 13 28 3 31 41 3 44
2003–04 5 1 6 31 0 31 36 1 37
2004–05 5 3 8 30 1 31 35 4 39
2005–06 3 0 3 24 1 25 27 1 28
2006–07 8 0 8 31 1 32 39 1 40
2007–08 6 0 6 37 3 40 43 3 46
2008–09 7 0 7 34 2 36 41 2 43
2009–10 14 0 14 44 0 44 58 0 58
2010–11 10 2 12 45 1 46 55 3 58
2011–12 6 0 6 36 0 36 42 0 42
2012–13 9 0 9 43 1 44 52 1 53
2013–14 10 0 10 41 3 44 51 3 54
2014–15 15 0 15 45 1 46 60 1 61
2015–16 19 0 19 63 1 64 82 1 83
2016–17 13 3 16 55 3 58 68 6 74
Total 297 15 312 1389 56 1445 1686 71 1757

Source: AIC NDICP 1979–2017 [computer file]

Table 6: Deaths in prison custody by age category, 1979–80 to 2016–17 (n)
  Under 25 years 25-39 years 40-54 years 55 years and over Total
1979–80 4 4 5 2 15
1980–81 5 14 7 2 28
1981–82 9 11 7 2 29
1982–83 5 12 3 4 24
1983–84 14 12 4 3 33
1984–85 5 14 4 4 27
1985–86 3 9 1 5 18
1986–87 10 16 8 3 37
1987–88 16 20 5 4 45
1988–89 10 15 8 3 36
1989–90 16 23 8 6 53
1990–91 8 12 5 10 35
1991–92 7 12 8 4 31
1992–93 14 20 5 5 44
1993–94 12 27 10 8 57
1994–95 16 21 12 6 55
1995–96 12 21 11 5 49
1996–97 10 26 21 6 63
1997–98 25 30 16 9 80
1998–99 9 35 11 9 64
1999–2000 14 28 10 12 64
2000–01 7 32 6 13 58
2001–02 5 19 17 11 52
2002–03 6 17 12 9 44
2003–04 2 12 15 8 37
2004–05 4 16 11 8 39
2005–06 1 8 6 13 28
2006–07 3 9 11 17 40
2007–08 2 14 12 18 46
2008–09 1 16 16 10 43
2009–10 5 10 18 25 58
2010–11 5 18 15 20 58
2011–12 3 8 11 20 42
2012–13 2 10 22 19 53
2013–14 0 9 21 24 54
2014–15 1 14 15 31 61
2015–16 5 16 19 43 83
2016–17 5 16 18 35 74
Total 281 626 414 436 1757

Source: AIC NDICP 1979–2017 [computer file]

Table 7: Deaths in prison custody by legal status, 1979–80 to 2016–17 (n)
  Sentenced Unsentenced Total
1979–80 11 4 15
1980–81 20 7 27
1981–82 19 9 28
1982–83 18 6 24
1983–84 20 13 33
1984–85 23 3 26
1985–86 9 6 15
1986–87 25 9 34
1987–88 29 15 44
1988–89 26 8 34
1989–90 35 15 50
1990–91 22 13 35
1991–92 21 10 31
1992–93 29 15 44
1993–94 38 19 57
1994–95 38 17 55
1995–96 36 13 49
1996–97 46 17 63
1997–98 48 32 80
1998–99 45 19 64
1999–2000 41 23 64
2000–01 43 15 58
2001–02 36 16 52
2002–03 24 20 44
2003–04 24 13 37
2004–05 22 17 39
2005–06 22 6 28
2006–07 29 11 40
2007–08 34 12 46
2008–09 26 17 43
2009–10 42 16 58
2010–11 41 17 58
2011–12 31 11 42
2012–13 41 12 53
2013–14 43 10 53
2014–15 42 18 60
2015–16 63 20 83
2016–17 54 20 74
Total 1216 524 1740

Note: Excludes 17 cases where legal status was not recorded

Source: AIC NDICP 1979–2017 [computer file]

Table 8: Deaths in police custody and custody-related operations by jurisdiction, 1989–90 to 2016–17 (n)
  NSW Vic Qld WA SA Tas ACT NT Total
1989–90 5 7 7 5 2 1 1 1 29
1990–91 3 9 6 4 2 0 0 2 26
1991–92 4 9 5 0 2 3 1 1 25
1992–93 16 14 3 1 4 0 0 0 38
1993–94 8 10 7 0 1 2 1 2 31
1994–95 14 5 4 3 1 1 0 1 29
1995–96 9 7 5 4 1 3 1 1 31
1996–97 16 2 2 6 2 1 0 5 34
1997–98 14 8 1 3 0 0 0 2 28
1998–99 6 4 6 3 0 0 0 2 21
1999–2000 11 4 4 5 7 0 0 4 35
2000–01 17 4 3 4 5 0 0 1 34
2001–02 13 13 3 6 1 0 0 5 41
2002–03 14 6 7 6 3 1 0 3 40
2003–04 15 6 9 6 2 0 1 3 42
2004–05 11 7 10 6 2 0 0 0 36
2005–06 6 2 4 6 4 0 1 1 24
2006–07 10 6 4 4 4 0 1 1 30
2007–08 7 8 5 4 4 1 0 5 34
2008–09 6 3 8 8 6 0 1 5 37
2009–10 5 6 6 3 1 1 1 4 27
2010–11 6 1 7 6 2 2 1 0 25
2011–12 11 3 7 5 3 0 0 2 31
2012–13 6 2 2 6 1 0 0 0 17
2013–14 1 5 3 1 2 0 0 1 13
2014–15 7 2 5 4 1 0 0 2 21
2015–16 6 1 3 5 3 1 0 1 20
2016–17 6 0 2 2 5 0 0 2 17
Total 253 154 138 116 71 17 10 57 816

Note: Excludes two cases categorised as ‘Other Commonwealth’

Source: AIC NDICP 1979–2017 [computer file]

Table 9: Deaths in police custody and custody-related operations by Indigenous status, 1989–90 to 2016–17 (n)
  Indigenous Non-Indigenous Total
1989–90 9 20 29
1990–91 3 23 26
1991–92 5 20 25
1992–93 5 33 38
1993–94 3 28 31
1994–95 3 27 30
1995–96 6 25 31
1996–97 8 26 34
1997–98 5 23 28
1998–99 7 14 21
1999–2000 4 32 36
2000–01 7 27 34
2001–02 8 33 41
2002–03 11 29 40
2003–04 10 32 42
2004–05 11 25 36
2005–06 7 17 24
2006–07 3 27 30
2007–08 5 29 34
2008–09 8 29 37
2009–10 6 21 27
2010–11 7 18 25
2011–12 2 29 31
2012–13 4 13 17
2013–14 1 11 12
2014–15 5 14 19
2015–16 5 13 18
2016–17 6 9 15
Total 164 647 811

Note: Excludes seven cases where Indigenous status was not recorded

Source: AIC NDICP 1989–2017 [computer file]